Oral Thrush

➤ What is Oral Thrush?:
    Oral Thrush is a yeast fungal infection that affects the mouth. It is also known as Oral Candidiasis. The culprit fungus is better known as Candida Albicans. This is the same fungal malady that causes Diaper Rash in Babies.

Oral Thrush 101

Photo Credit: Creative Commons James Heilman, MD
➤ Causes

• All people normally have Candida Albicans in the mouth. However, bacterial imbalance may assist in the overgrowth of the Candida fungi, resulting into oral trush. This medical condition is more likely to affect babies 10 weeks and older.
• Immune suppressed adults may also suffer from candida infection e.g. underwent chemotherapy, steroid or antibiotic abuse, HIV indicator

➤ Other Candida Variant Species

• Candida Tropicalis
• Candida Glabrata
• Candida Parapsilosis
• Candida Krusei
• Candida Stellatoidea
• Candida Pseudotropicalis
• Candida Famata
• Candida Rugosa
• Candida Geotrichium
• Candida Dubliniensis
• Candida Guilliermondii.

➤ Should I consult a Physician

• Your doctor will likely prescribe anti-fungal drops or gel into the infant’s mouth You are advised to clean and sterilize your baby’s toys, bottles and pacifier regularly. If you are breast-feeding, an anti-fungal cream will be recommended for your breasts.

➤ What if my Condition does not improve?
    If after a week the baby doesn’t get better, stops drinking milk or mouth soreness appear, go back to your doctor.
➤ Likely Symptoms
  • Whitish (Cottage Cheese-like) spots or patches in the mouth, cheeks, gums, palate or tounge.
  • Spots which maybe scraped-off and result into red-sores and/or bleeding.
  • Difficulty Breathing or Drooling due to soreness.
➤ Cure or Treatment
    Anti-fungal Cream or Gel e.g. Nystatin, Miconazole, Gentian violet, Ketoconazole or Amphotericin B
    Oral or Intravenuous Antifungal treatment for immunosupressed adults
➤ Prevention
    Avoidance of frequent corticosteroid and antibiotic use which may compromise the immune system.
➤ Oral Thrush Tips
    Oral Candidiasis in Adults is a common indicator of suppressed immune system. It is also an early indicator of HIV infection.
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